LAND OF THE BATAK
The people of the Batak are divided into six ethnic groups whose original settlement area is on Samosir, the island in Lake Toba. The largest group are the Toba Batak, which settle around the southern half of Lake Toba and on Samosir. South follow the Angkola, which can be combined with the Mandailing further south to the border of West Sumatra. The Karo live north of the lake in the highlands of Kabanjahe and Berastagi. In the east of Lake Toba live the Simalungun around Pematang Siantar. The Pakpak, also called Dairi, settle in the northwest and west of the lake around Sidikalang.